– 2002: The Monsanto Company is spun off from Pharmacia as a separate company.
– 2003: Pfizer acquires Pharmacia.
– Pharmacia Corporation = Merger of Pharmacia & Upjohn Inc. and Monsanto in 2000. Monsanto, agricultural chemical division. Searle, pharmaceutical division.
– Pharmacia & Upjohn Inc. = Merger of Pharmacia AB and The Upjohn Company in 1995. Global headquarters relocated from the U.K. to the U.S. in 1998.
– Member of CropLife International.
– Member of The Corporate Council on Africa.
– Approval from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for the sales of new formulation of acetochlor for early post-emergence use in cotton and soybeans (MON 63410 Herbicide).
– Team with Schnucks to bring St. Louis consumers EverMild onions, new U.S. grown sweet onion variety.
– New licensing agreement with Dow AgroSciences on Roundup Ready 2 Yield Soybean Technology.
– Beneforté broccoli, result of a collaboration between Apio Inc. and Monsanto’s Vegetable Seeds division to develop broccoli and cauliflower varieties that possess unique, desirable consumer traits such as improved nutrition, flavor, color, texture, taste and aroma.
– New Weed Management Platform Under the Roundup Ready PLUS Brand.
– Agreement with Makhteshim Agan Group as key partner of selected off-patent molecules to support Roundup Ready PLUS weed management platform.
– Long-term agreement with Sumitomo Chemical Co. Ltd. and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Valent U.S.A. Corporation, as strategic partners in Roundup Ready PLUS weed management platform in the United States. Further collaboration on weed management opportunities with Sumitomo Chemical‘s flumioxazin products in other countries such as Brazil and Argentina. Valent herbicides covered under the agreement include the growing line of preemergence residual herbicides such as Valor SX, Valor XLT, Gangster and Fierce, a new product pending registration, along with the Select branded post-grass herbicides in the United States.
– Agreement with FMC Corporation that broadens Monsanto’s Roundup Ready PLUS weed management platform in the United States to include the growing line of soybean preemergence residual herbicides, including Authority First DF, Authority MTZ DF, Authority XL, and Authority Assist.
– Launch of new encapsulated formulation of acetochlor designed for cotton and soybean acres (MON 63410 Herbicide)available widely for 2011 as Warrant Herbicide.
– Introduction of new Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield soybean varieties with aphid tolerance in 2011.
– Acetochlor premix formulation for pre-emerge and post-emerge use in corn marketed as TripleFLEX Herbicide for the 2011.
– ARMtech Insurance Services, operating subsidiary of Endurance Specialty Holdings Ltd., announces additional risk management tool with Biotech Yield Assurance for the 2011 growing season.
– New joint-licensing agreement with BASF to accelerate the development of the next-generation of dicamba based weed control chemistry products.
– Launch of Project SHARE (Sustainable Harvest – Agriculture, Resources, Environment), a pilot project in association with the Indian Society of Agribusiness Professionals.
– Launch of Genuity.
– Updated research and technology agreement signed in 2007 with Devgen. Monsanto has broader rights to Devgen technology and Devgen receives €20 million in cash.
– 4 year research and licensing agreement with Hunan University focused on identifying novel plant genes with attributes such as higher yield, drought resistance and enhanced nitrogen utilization.
– Commercial agreement with Drexel Chemical regarding patents Monsanto owns on the manufacture, use and sale of certain types of glyphosate based herbicides. Drexel agrees to cease selling potassium salt glyphosate formulations in the U.S. in the future.
– Two-year collaboration with Protabit LLC to develop new tools for protein design and optimization.
– Collaboration agreement with Dole Fresh Vegetables Inc. to develop new products. The five-year collaboration will focus on broccoli, cauliflower, lettuce and spinach. Plant breeding will be used to improve the nutrition, flavor, color, texture, taste and aroma.
– Agreement with Bayer CropScience to cross license their respective herbicide tolerance traits in canola on a non-exclusive basis for commercialization within their respective branded canola seed businesses.
– Non-exclusive research and commercial license agreement with France-based Cellectis S.A., a biotechnology company specialized in genome engineering, for broad use of its meganuclease technology in plants. Meganucleases are molecular scissors that can be directed to a single site in the genome of a plant cell, thereby allowing a wide range of precise genome modifications, including gene stacking, gene knock-out as well as modulation of gene function to develop new traits. Under the agreement, Monsanto will have access to Cellectis‘ intellectual property on meganucleases and its custom meganuclease production platform.
– Collaboration with Huazhong Agricultural University to further the development of novel traits such as higher yield, drought resistance and nitrogen use efficiency.
– Exclusive agreement with Bayer CropScience on a new cutting-edge fungicide seed treatment for corn.
– Collaborative agreement with Mendel Biotechnology Inc. to enhance the development of Mendel‘s BioEnergy Seeds & Feedstocks business.
– Landec Corporation and Monsanto announce that Monsanto’s vegetable seed company, Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc., and Landec‘s food subsidiary, Apio Inc., have entered into a collaboration agreement to develop novel broccoli and cauliflower products for the exclusive sale by Apio in defined market segments and channels.
– Exclusive agreement with BASF for a new fungicide seed treatment solution for soybeans in the U.S. The new product contains BASF‘s top-selling fungicide F500, the same active ingredient found in Headline fungicide.
– Agreement with China National Seed Group Corporation to expand their investments in CNSGC-DEKALB Seed Company Ltd.
– Collaborate with Archer Daniels Midland Company and Deere & Company on research to explore technologies and processes to turn crop residues into feed and bioenergy products.
– Research and development collaboration with Evogene Ltd. focused on identifying key plant genes related to yield, environmental stress and fertilizer utilization.
– Asgrow Brand AccuSure seed count system introduced for Roundup Ready 2 Yield soybeans.
– Agreement with Plant Health Care Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Plant Health Care, for the commercialization of harpin-based technology as a seed treatment in Monsanto’s major row crops and vegetables.
– Agreement with The Solae Company to develop and market Omega-3 products.
– Long-term joint research and development and commercialization collaboration in plant biotechnology with BASF.
– Agreement with Chromatin Inc. to advance gene stacking technology.
– Long-term business and license agreements with Bayer CropScience for key enabling agricultural technologies.
– License agreement with Senesco Technologies Inc.
– Collaboration on research for insect control with Athenix Corp.
– Monsanto collaborates with FOSS A/S to develop analytical tools for soybeans.
– Monsanto and Evogene Ltd. collaborate on nitrogen use efficiency research.
– Cross-licensing agreement with Dow AgroSciences LLC, a subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company, aimed at launching SmartStax, the industry’s first-ever eight-gene stacked combination in corn.
– Roundup Ready Flex cotton is introduced.
– Bollgard II insect-protected cotton with Roundup Ready Flex, a stacked second-generation product, is introduced.
– Vistive low-linolenic soybeans is introduced.
– YieldGard Plus with Roundup Ready Corn 2, the first triple-trait technology, is introduced.
– 10th season that biotech crops were planted throughout the world. The billionth acre was planted and harvested.
– Research and development agreement with Devgen N.V..
– Collaboration agreement with Divergence Inc. to develop nematode-resistant soybeans.
– YieldGard Plus corn, stacked version of 2 YieldGard products in 1 seed product, introduced.
– YieldGard Rootworm insect-protected corn introduced.
– YieldGard Rootworm insect-protected corn stacked with Roundup Ready Corn 2 introduced.
– Bollgard II insect-protected cotton, a 2nd-generation trait product in cotton, introduced.
– Monsanto becomes the first company to identify and market specific corn hybrids that can yield more ethanol per bushel.
– Processor Preferred Soybean varieties are introduced.
– 2001: Roundup Ready Corn 2, a second-generation trait product, is introduced.
– 1999: Roundup Ready Corn and YieldGard Corn Borer insect-protected corn stacked with Roundup Ready Corn are introduced.
– 1998: YieldGard Corn Borer insect-protected corn is introduced.
– 1997: Roundup Ready Canola and Bollgard insect-protected cotton stacked with Roundup Ready Cotton are introduced.
– 1996: Roundup Ready Soybeans and Bollgard insect-protected cotton are introduced.
– 1994: Posilac, bovine somatotropin for dairy cows, Monsanto’s first biotechnology product to be approved in the U.S.
– 1987: Monsanto conducts the first U.S. field trials of plants with biotechnology traits.
– 1982: Monsanto is the first to genetically modify a plant cell.
– 1976: Roundup herbicide is introduced.
– 1968: Lasso herbicide is introduced.
– 1964: Ramrod herbicide is introduced.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Monsanto was founded in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1901, by John Francis Queeny, a 30-year veteran of the pharmaceutical industry. He funded the start-up with his own money and capital from a soft drink distributor, and gave the company his wife’s maiden name. The company’s first product was the artificial sweetener saccharin, which it sold to the Coca-Cola Company. It also introduced caffeine and vanillin to Coca-Cola, and became one of that company’s main suppliers. In 1919, Monsanto established its presence in Europe by entering into a partnership with Graesser’s Chemical Works at Cefn Mawr in Ruabon, Wales to produce vanillin, salicylic acid, aspirin and later rubber.
In its second decade, the 1920s, Monsanto expanded into basic industrial chemicals like sulfuric acid, and the decade ended with Queeny’s son Edgar Monsanto Queeny taking over the company in 1928.
The 1940s saw Monsanto become a leading manufacturer of plastics, including polystyrene, and synthetic fibers. Since then, it has remained one of the top 10 US chemical companies. Other major products have included the herbicides 2,4,5-T, DDT, and Agent Orange used primarily during the Vietnam War as a defoliant agent (later proven to be highly carcinogenic to any who come into contact with the solution), the excitotoxin aspartame (NutraSweet), bovine somatotropin (bovine growth hormone BST), and PCBs. Also in this decade, Monsanto operated the Dayton Project, and later Mound Laboratory in Miamisburg, Ohio, for the Manhattan Project, the development of the first nuclear weapons and, after 1947, the Atomic Energy Commission.
Monsanto began manufacturing DDT in 1944, along with some 15 other companies. The use of DDT in the U.S. was banned by Congress in 1972, due in large efforts to environmentalists, who persisted in the challenge put forth by Rachel Carson and her book Silent Spring in 1962, which sought to inform the public of the side effects associated with the insecticide. In 1947, an accidental explosion of ammonium nitrate fertilizer loaded on the French ship S.S. Grandcamp destroyed an adjacent Monsanto styrene manufacturing plant, along with much of the port at Galveston Bay. The explosion, known as the Texas City Disaster, is considered the largest industrial accident in US history, with the highest death toll. As the decade ended, Monsanto acquired American Viscose from England’s Courtauld family in 1949.
In 1954, Monsanto partnered with German chemical giant Bayer to form Mobay and market polyurethanes in the US. In the 1960s and 1970s, Monsanto became one of 10-36 producers of Agent Orange for US Military operations in Vietnam.